1.  Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements ?
Statements : All young scientists are open-minded.
        No open-minded men are superstitious.
Conclusions : I. No scientist is superstitious.
       II. No young people are superstitious.


if only conclusion I follows
if only conclusion II follows
if either I or II follows
If neither I nor II follows


Answer

 Option

The subject in both the conclusions is vague. The true conclusion is 'No young scientist is superstitious'. So, neither conclusion follows.

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2.  Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements ?
Statements : Some chairs are stools.
        Table is a chair.
Conclusions : I. Some stools are chairs.
       II. Table is not a stood.


if only conclusion I follows
if only conclusion II follows
if either I or II follows
If neither I nor II follows


Answer

 Option

The first premise is an I type proposition. So, the middle term 'chairs1 forming the subject is not distributed. The second premise is an A type proposition. So, the middle term 'chairs* forming the predicate is not distributed.

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3.  Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements ?
Statements : All cars are tables.
        Some children are tables.
Conclusions : I. Some cars are children.
       II. Some children are cars.


if only conclusion I follows
if only conclusion II follows
if either I or II follows
If neither I nor II follows


Answer

 Option

The first premise is an A type proposition. So, the middle term 'tables' forming the predicate is not distributed. The second premise is an I type proposition. So, the middle term forming the predicate is not distributed. Since the middle term is not distributed even once in the premises, so no conclusion follows.

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4.  Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements ?
Statements : All apples are oranges.
        some oranges are papayas.
Conclusions : I. some apples are papayas.
       II. some papayas are apples.


if only conclusion I follows
if only conclusion II follows
if either I or II follows
If neither I nor II follows


Answer

 Option

The first premise is A type and distributes the subject. So, the middle term 'oranges' which forms its predicate, is not distributed The second premise is I type and does not distribute either subject or predicate. So, the middle term 'oranges' forming its subject is not distributed Since the middle term is not distributed even once in the premises, so no conclusion follows.

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5.  Read the conclusion and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the two given statements ?
Statements : Bureacrasts marry only intelligent girls.
        Tanya is very intelligent.
Conclusions : I. Tanya will marry a bureaucrat.
       II. Tanya will not marry a bureaucrat.


if only conclusion I follows
if only conclusion II follows
if either I or II follows
If neither I nor II follows


Answer

 Option

The data does not mention whether all intelligent girls are married to bureaucrats. So, either I or II may follow.

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